Posted on this page is a news report from the Philippines about a legislative push for Talking ATMs in that country. Reading this news on the eve of the 20th anniversary of the Americans with Disabilities Act is fitting. Jump to news story.
Although the law being celebrated this month is focused on “Americans”, disability advocacy in one part of the globe often has ripple affects across the world. This has been especially true for accessible technology. Today we have a global economy and multi-national corporations. We also have global advocacy and international advances in disability access.
Talking ATMs are a great illustration of this phenomenon. The first Talking ATM in the United states was installed in San Francisco in 1999. Since that time, tens of thousands of Talking ATMs have been installed in this country, built primarily by a handful of international manufacturers. Those manufacturers — NCR, Diebold, Fujitsu, Triton, Wincor-Nixdorf among the leaders — produce and distribute ATMs worldwide. As talking functionality became standard in these machines in the U.S., Talking ATMs became available in other parts of the world.
Strong advocacy by the blind community and willing collaboration by the banking industry in the United States were fundamental to the spread of Talking ATMs across the globe. But equally important was the law whose birthday we celebrate on July 26, 2010. The Americans with Disabilities Act contains flexible language recognizing the need for “auxiliary aids and services” to ensure integration of blind people into all aspects of society. In the initial regulations adopted to implement the ADA, the U.S. Department of Justice mandated that ATMs be “independently usable” by people with visual impairments. The world-wide spread of Talking ATMs flowed from the ADA and the ADA regulations.
Since I began tracking these issues in the early 2000’s, Google alerts have let me know about Talking ATMs in India, Pakistan, Australia, England, Ireland, Switzerland, New Zealand and elsewhere. Here is today’s Talking ATM news from the Philippines. To save you the trip to a dictionary that I had to make, the word “solon” in the headline means legislator.
Solon Seeks ATMs for Blind
(This story, written by F. Marasigan and published in the Business Mirror On-Line Space.)
Quezon, Philippines (July 22, 2010)– A Pro-administration legislator has pushed for the immediate approval of a bill for the setting up of automated teller machines (ATMs) for visually impaired people. The ATM for the blind, according to Liberal Party Rep. Lorenzo Tañada III of Quezon, author of House Bill 221, or the “ATM Access for the Visually Impaired Act,” will provide the visually impaired access to the machine through an auditory system of conveying and receiving information.
In filing the bill, Tañada said differently abled persons should, as much as possible, be afforded opportunities to overcome their disability and remain fully integrated with society. “By giving them access to this technology, not only their financial transactions but their integration into mainstream society be greatly facilitated,” Tañada said.
He said one of the concrete ways in which this can be done is by allowing them to manage their finances and conduct financial transactions without external aid.
Making ATMs accessible to the visually impaired sends a strong message that any physical disability should not be a bar to the enjoyment of such modern conveniences, as these can easily be adapted to their special needs — Rep. Lorenzo Tañada III, Quezon, Philippines
As embodied in the bill, all banking institutions shall provide ATM machines that shall be equipped to conduct transactions by means of an audio transmission system.
The bill also provides that ATMs installed prior to the effectivity of the proposed law that will need an upgrade or be scheduled for replacement shall be upgraded or replaced subsequently. According to Wikipedia, the Talking ATM “provides audible instructions so that persons who cannot read an ATM screen can independently use the machine.”
It said all audible information is delivered privately through a standard headphone jack on the face of the machine or a separately attached telephone handset. Information is delivered to the customer either through prerecorded sound files or via text-to-speech synthesis.
During the 14th Congress, a similar bill was filed seeking to provide nonvisual method for reading or relaying the sequence of messages that appear on the screen of ATMs.
It said that as technology increases, more and more people rely on ATMs as a method of doing daily banking tasks.
“While many ATMs currently have Braille labels indicating the functions of some buttons, most machines do not have any non-visual method of reading or relaying the sequence of messages that appear on the screen,” it said.
Talking ATM Resources
- Frequently Asked Questions about Talking ATMs
- Talking ATM category on LFLegal (includes summaries and links to all settlements, press releases, history and general information
- Talking ATM history category on LFLegal
- Talking ATM press release category on LFLegal (includes summaries and links to press releases issued by U.S. banks about Talking ATMs