Intro: On this page you will find resources about digital accessibility and other issues that the Law Office of Lainey Feingold works on. These resources are for informational purposes only and inclusion does not imply endorsement by Lainey Feingold or the Law Office of Lainey Feingold. Links on this page will take you to web sites that may not have the same privacy or accessibility policies as this site. Please contact us if you know of a resource that you think should be added to this list.
Choose an accessibility vendor as you would choose any other vendor: interview more than one, get references, make an informed choice.
Due diligence requires careful attention as to how accessibility dollars are spent. Beware overlays and widgets that promise accessibility but do not deliver.
Jump to the following Resource categories on this page:
- Accessible Pedestrian Signals
- Accessible Prescription Information (Talking Prescription Labels)
- Document Accessibility (Alternative Formats, Remediation and Transformation) Vendors
- Captioning and Audio Description Resources
- Digital (Web and Mobile) Accessibility Consultants
- Digital Accessibility | General
- Books about Web Accessibility
- U.S. Disability Rights Laws
- Disability Rights Legal Organizations
- Structured Negotiation
- WordPress Accessibility
Accessible Pedestrian Signals
- Accessible Design for the Blind (website of pedestrian safety experts Billie Louise (“Beezy”) Bentzen and Janet Barlow)
- Accessible Pedestrian Signal Topic on this website with links to all posts about APS, including press releases with the City and County of San Francisco about APS
- Polara Engineering, Inc (manufacturer of accessible pedestrian signals)
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Accessible Prescription Information (Talking Prescription Labels)
- In 2020 CVS announced Spoken Rx, the first talking prescription label system built into a mainstream pharmacy app
- Spring 2016 Accessible Prescription Update (with information about U.S. pharmacy retailers offering talking, braille, and large print labels and vendors.)
- Vendors offering accessible prescription information / Talking Labels
Document Accessibility (Alternative Formats, Remediation and Transformation) Vendors
The absence of accessible documents is a threat to the security and privacy of disabled people. Alternative formats include braille, large print, ePub, audio CD and MP3, HTML, accessible PDF and other electronic documents. Not all vendors listed here provide all formats.
Visit the Alternative Format Press Release Topic and the Alternative Format Settlements Topic to learn more about how Structured Negotiation has helped institutions provide their visually impaired end-users (customers, patients, etc.) with information they can read independently.
- 247 Accessible Documents
- Braille Works
- Crawford Technologies
- Horizons for the Blind
- LightHouse for the Blind and Visually Impaired San Francisco Braille Services
- Metrolina Association of the Blind
- National Braille Press
- Open Access Technologies, Inc.
- Perkins Access
- T-Base, Inc.
- Tech for All
Standards for large print documents can be found in the Best Practices and Guidelines for Large Print Documents issued by the American Council of the Blind.
Standards for braille documents can be found on the website of the Braille Authority of North America (BANA)
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Captioning and Audio Description Resources
Note: The terms “audio description” and “video description” are used interchangeably in the disabled community. The terms refer to verbal description of visual aspects of live entertainment, films and streaming content. Description (also referred to as narration) provides accessibility to people who cannot see visual content.
Consultants on the Digital Accessibility Consultants list below may also provide captioning and description services.
- Audio Description Project of the American Council of the Blind
- 3PlayMedia (captioning, transcription, audio description and subtitling)
- BarrierBreak (audio description only)
- CaptionMax (captioning and audio description)
- Description Key (Project of The Described and Captioned Media Program with tremendous resources for description in education)
- National Center for Accessible Media (NCAM)(movie accessibility)
- Vitac (captioning and audio description)
- YouDescribe (A free accessibility tool for adding audio description to YouTube videos)
Digital (Web and Mobile) Accessibility Consultants
- Accessible Systems
- BarrierBreak (based in India, offering services globally)
- DigitA11y (company that built LFLegal.com; primarily small business and non-profits)
- Joe Dolson Accessible Web Design (primarily small business and non-profits)
- Equal Entry
- Funka (based in Europe, offering services globally)
- Inclusive Media and Design (Toronto)
- Interactive Accessibility
- Intopia (based in Australia, offering services globally)
- Level Access
- Paciello Group
- Perkins Access
- Prime Access Consulting
- Marcy Sutton (no accessibility audits. Focus on building accessible web user interfaces, automated accessibility testing tools, review designs for accessibility)
- Tech for All (including kiosk access)
- Tetralogical (Leonie Watson’s consultancy, based in UK, offering services globally)
- uiAccess (Shawn Henry) (speaking, training, usability testing, and research projects only)
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In addition to providing evaluation and remediation services, most of the organizations listed above provide usability testing by disabled people, a critical aspect of accessibility. The following are not-for-profit organizations that also offer usability testing. Several offer remote testing so site/app owners can view the testing from wherever they are:
- AccessWorks User Experience Testing (sponsored by Knowbility)
- American Foundation for the Blind (AFB) Tech Consulting Services
- Baruch College Computer Center for Visually Impaired People Web Usability Testing
- Fable (Accessibility Testing platform – Canada)
- Intopia Connect (Australia)
- LightHouse for the Blind and Visually Impaired / San Francisco
- Perkins Access
- World Institute on Disability / Accessible Technology Consulting and User Testing
Digital Accessibility | General
Digital (Web and Mobile) Accessibility Information on LFLegal
You can find the following digital accessibility resources on this website (LFLegal.com)
- Digital Accessibility Legal Update Posts. On this Topic page you can find links to articles by Lainey Feingold about digital accessibility legal developments.
- Press Releases announcing web and mobile accessibility settlements reached through Structured Negotiation
- Full text of all digital accessibility settlement agreements reached through Structured Negotiation
- Short summary, with links, of all web / mobile accessibility posts on LFLegal
- Information about the accessibility of LFLegal.com can be found on this site’s Accessibility Information Page.
Digital Accessibility Resources
Significant resources about web and mobile accessibility are available on the web. Here is a small sampling.
- Web Accessibility Initiative of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C)
- Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.0 W3C Recommendation, December 2008
- Mobile: Accessible Media Player Resources and Demos (Henny Swan)
- Mobile: BBC Mobile Accessibility Guidelines
- Mobile (Apple and Android): Apple’s Accessibility for Developer resources; Android Accessibility resources
- Mobile (WAI resources): Information from the Web Accessibility Initiative on mobile accessibility
- WebAxe – Blog and Podcast on Web Accessibility
- Inclusive Publishing: Making Publications Accessible from the Start (a hub for publishing books and materials for all)
- Colour Contrast Analyser Firefox Extension
- Contrast Rebellion (Great website about the importance of good contrast)
- Accessibility Toolbar (web developer tool)
Books about Web Accessibility
- Lainey’s book —Structured Negotiation, a Winning Alternative to Lawsuits is about the cost-effective and collaborative legal strategy that has been used to negotiate dozens of digital accessibility settlements with some of the country’s largest organizations. Read about Lainey’s book.
- Inclusive Design for a Digital World: Designing with Accessibility in Mind (Design Thinking) by Regine Gilbert
- A Web for Everyone: Designing Accessible User Experiences by Sarah Horton and Whitney Quesenbery
- Web Accessibility: Web Standards and Regulatory Compliance by Jim Thatcher, Shawn Lawton Henry and others
- Just Ask: Integrating Accessibility Throughout Design by Shawn Lawton Henry
- Strategic Accessibility: Enabling the Organization by Jeff Kline
- Ensuring Digital Accessibility Through Process and Policy by Jonathan Lazar, Daniel Goldstein and Anne Taylor.
- Universal Design for Web Applications: Web Applications that Reach Everyone by Wendy Chisholm.
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U.S. Disability Rights Laws
There is a wealth of disability rights legal information on the web. Here is a sampling.
- United States Department of Justice ADA Page
- United States Access Board (federal agency responsible for Section 508 regulations)
- United States Government Section 508 Resource Page
- [ Intro ]
Disability Rights Legal Organizations
- Disability Rights Advocates
- Disability Rights Bar Association (DRBA) (National organization of lawyers across the country that “share a commitment to effective legal representation of individuals with disabilities.”)
- Disability Rights Education & Defense Fund
- National Disability Rights Network (With offices and lawyers in 50 states)
- National Association of the Deaf Law and Advocacy Center
The following organizations are comprised of disabled lawyers and law students practicing different types of law, not exclusively disability rights:
- Deaf and Hard of Hearing Bar Association
- National Association of Attorneys with Disabilities
- National Association of Law Students with Disabilities
- Frequently Asked Questions about Structured Negotiation
- Settlements page on this website, listing all settlement agreements reached in Structured Negotiation without any lawsuits.
- Summary, with links, of all press releases resulting from Structured Negotiation initiatives.
If you are building a blog or small website, chose WordPress (LFLegal.com is a WordPress website). WordPress has a strong accessibility community and a growing number of what are called “WordPress accessibility ready themes” Other popular web builders result in sites that are not accessible to everyone. Support accessibility when chosing a website creation tool. Resources on accessible WordPress include